The Pillory of Campo Maior, architectural work of the XVIII century, more precisely of 1740, is composed by a marble column 2,17m, to which four steps of the same material give access.
Above the column is a sphere from which four iron frames emerge with the purpose of arresting criminals.
At the top of the sphere, the figure of justice (with unveiled eyes and holding a balance in the right hand and a sword in the left) completes this work of art. This pillory measures 6,50m in total, from its rectangular base to the end of the statue.
Around 1879 it was ordered to be removed from the square D. Luis I (current Praça da Republica) by order of the City Hall, in order to proceed with the work of repair and embellishment.
In 1880 with the foundation of the Archaeological Museum of Elvas this was requisitioned and taken to the said museum around 1903, already quite mistreated.
Only in 1941, at the request of the Campo Maior City Hall, it returned to the place where it is today and where it should never have left.